Capital Improvement Projects
A Capital Improvement Program is a comprehensive document whose purpose is to list major improvements necessary and desirable to meet the needs of the community over the next five years. The various Departments, Commissions, and the City Council establish the program through the compiling of project needs and requests. The Capital Improvement Program is a valuable tool, which City officials can use to rank the priority of public improvement projects and determine the level, and method of financing required each year to support these projects.
The objectives of a Capital Improvements Program are to:
• Anticipate major capital improvements so that large expenditures can be budgeted over a period of several years.
• Develop a realistic list of needs which relate to the ability to finance improvements, thereby minimizing the impact on tax rates.
• Implement the goals and objectives contained in the comprehensive plan.
• Enable proper scheduling of various projects and improvements, thereby allowing adequate time for detailed design and engineering of the projects, preparation of environmental impact statements, processing of grant applications, and exploring alternative methods of financing.
• Provide an opportunity for sound coordination between City departments, various units of special and general local government, and public utilities.
• Enable the local officials to focus their attention on the needs of the entire community, and to put in perspective, pressures from special interest groups, and proponents of special projects.
• Enable the local officials to forecast and anticipate needed maintenance projects so that the public's investment in the infrastructure can be preserved.
The Capital Improvement Program includes major expenditures of public funds, beyond maintenance and operating costs, for the acquisition or construction of a needed physical facility or projects. Salaries, supplies, equipment, and other overhead expenditures are considered maintenance and operational costs, and are provided for in the annual budget.
Replacement of obsolete/deteriorated equipment and non-annual maintenance projects where general funds cannot be allocated may become capital improvement projects.